Shankha International
Shankha International in Bengali
Summer Edition
bh}lh shiHy] o jIbfn
nhrIr ayIy o by_mhn
- mnIAh rhz -
(m]hshcÑfsts\)
 
 we p/bfnßr ibAz bh}lh shiHfy]r p/ïÑiypfb_ aY_hQ uinS Syfkr ârº fYfk p/hz fSA pZ_ë (ahn[mhink 70 bCr) bh}lh shiHy] o jIbfn bhxhlI nhrI. ufñvS] v[it. wk, p/hk-biXkm Z[fg wmn ikC[ flKh HfziCl Zhfy yKnkhr bhxhlI nhrI o smhfjr fcHhrh jhnh Zhz wb} prbyI_ Z[fgr flKk-fliKkhfvr rcnhr yÑlnhm{lk ibchr s$Bb. v[e, we yY] aiBbhsI bhxhlI miHlhr jIbfn kyth p/fZhj] yhr ahflhcnh. bhxhlI nhrIr infjr m[fKr kYh o Hhfyr flKh jbhnIfy iPfr Zhbhr ahfrkit bR ufñvS] Hl bhxhlI miHlh iHshfb ahmhfvr infjfvr eiyHhsfk jhnh. p/bhv ahfC, eiyHhs abôh krfl yhr p[nrhb<iä abS]$BhbI. eiyHhs nh jhnfl infjfk ayIy o by_mhfnr pirfp/iqfy fbhJh kiTn. ZYh, ibfvfS bhxhlI miHlhfvr fZ smï sms]h fvKh fvz yhr aiVkh}S ahmhfvr b}S-pr$prhz p/hè s}hr o ibfvSI jIbnVhrhr shfY s}GfA_r Pl. ahmhfvr mhnisk khThfmh wb} afB]s afnkth ayIy eiyHhfsr khfC phozh. we uärhiVkhr s{fá phozh s}hråil fvfSr mhit ahr Gfrr my fpCfn fPfl ahsh ay sHj nz. 
     WomanuinS Syfkr p/Ym vSfk bhxhlI miHlhfvr fByr wkth ahy±sfcynyhr aXkÑr j@mhfy ârº kfriCl. we ahy±sfcynyh K[b s$Bby yQkhlIn bhxhlI smhfjr an] ahfrh Gtnhr my fvSI-ibfvSI s}GA_ o fmlhfmShr Pl. abS] uinS Syfkr ahfgo in^cz ahy±sfcyn bhxhlI miHlh jf@miCfln. ikëÑ y~hfvr b|b] Chph aqfrr aBhfb fkblmhá pirbhfrr khfrh khfrh S/ºiy o *m<iyfye iCl, prbyI_ p/jf@mr khfC fp~ùfChbhr s[fZhg phzin. ahmhr infjr ivivmhr khfC g%p âfniC, y~hr mh rh»h krfy krfy un[fnr khTkzlh ivfz mhitr fmfJfy kibyh, CRh wsb ilKfyn. S=âfrr KRfmr ahozhj ânfle n]hyh ivfz m[fC fPlfyn. wrkm ky flKh n]hyhr nIfc Hhirfz fgfC fk jhfn! 
     1870 fYfk 1950 shflr mfV] afnk flKk, fliKkh, kib, icákr, nht]khr o cliêcá pirchlfkr rcnh o s<i&tfy bhxhlI nhrIr jIbnicá Vrh pfRfC. fmfzfvr jIbfnr sms]h, v=@v, s[K, v[:fKr Cib s[@vrBhfb o sHhn[Bçiyr sf¤ rcnh kfrfCn. y~hfvr ricy afnk nhrI cirá ah^cZ_jnkBhfb s=z}s$p{>_ o ibcq>. p[rºfAr fchfK nhrIr wkit smi$by o pirp{>_ Cib sb_p/Ym fvKfy phe biXkmcf@v/r flKhz. bh}lh shiHfy] biXkme p/Ym nhrIfk wkhVhfr fp/imkh, g<iHnI, wb} bhsnhmzI s[@vrI ræfp fviKfzfCn, fZmn fviKfzfCn fse wke s[@vrIr pfq ahbhr ibfAhñghro s$Bb. y~hr flKhz bhxhlI nhrI khmnh o S/vßh v[fzre aiVkhir>I; ibbhiHyh *áI o p/>iznI wke nhrIfy s$Bb. 
     uinS Syfkr mV]Bhfg bhxhlI smhfjr pfq w jhyIz BhbVhrh Hjm krh sHj iCl nh. biXkfmr shHiskyhr an[sr> fvKh Zhz y~hr uärs{rI SrQc@v/ o rbI@v/nhfYr flKhz. ahmhr Bengali Women befy bhxhlI fmfzfvr opr we iyn mHhrYIr upn]hfsr nhrI cirfár p/Bhb infz ibSv ahflhcnh kfriC. fZ p/SN p/Yfme mfn ahfs fsth Hl, we mHhrYIfvr rcnhr nhrI cirá ik fkbil y~hfvr 'shfVr shVnh' wb} 'mfnr mhV[rI imiSfz' rcnh? nhik W smzkhr bhxhlI nhrIr aëfrr gBIfr wke BhbVhrhr j@m HiêCl? W smzkhr fmfzfvr jIbn wb} yhfvr mhniskyh o icëhVhrhr ahsl ræpth kI iCl yhHfl? 
     p/hk-biXkm bh}lh shiHfy] fbS ikC[ fliKkhr ahy±jIbnIfy yQkhlIn bhxhlI smhfj fmfzfvr p/iy b]bHhr wb} yhr p/iyi÷zhr Cib phozh Zhz. gy iyirS bCr klkhyhz nhrI-s=hVInyh ahf@vhlfnr kl]hf> bh}lh shiHfy]r p/ïÑiypfb_r afnk fliKkhr flKh m[iv/y wb} am[iv/y ahkhfr phozh fgfC. klkhyh ibS=ibv]hlfzr eiyHhs o shiHfy]r CháIrh w jhyIz afnk flKhr uvßhr kfrfC. ikC[ ikC[ flKhr p[nm[_v/no HfzfC. wsfbr fliKkhrh fkbl uêcmV]ibä wb} b/h¥smhfjr nn. wk ThkÑrbhiRfye 1850 fYfk 1950-wr mfV] wk djfnro fbSI fliKkhr j@m HfziCl. 
     ThkÑrbhiRr afnk miHlh-e jIbn*m<iy frfK fgfCn. mHiA_ fvfb@v/nhfYr bR fmfz fsùvhimnIfvbIr (1857-1920) flKh 'ipyé*m<iy', mV]mbV[ ônvhni@vnIr (1850-1940) '*m<iykYh', cyÑY_ kn]h s=>_kÑmhrIr (1855-1932) fbS ikC[ upn]hs, ei@vrhfvbIr (1863-1919) ahy±jIbnI 'ahmhr Khyh' - wsb g/f¢ m{l]bhn yY] phozh Zhz. wr pfrr p/jf@m s=>_kÑmhrIr fmfz srlh fvbIfcùV[rh>Ir (1872-1940) ahy±jIbnI 'jIbfnr Jrhphyh' wk ashVhr> g/¢. ôhnvhni@vnI o sfy]@v/nhY ThkÑfrr fmfz ei@vrh fvbIfcùV[rh>Ir (1870-1960) ahy±jIbnI 'S/ºiy o *m<iy' am[iv/y abÆhz ahfC. wChRh abnI@v/nhfYr fbhn ibniznIfvbIr (1873-1931) ahy±kYh 'khiHnI' K[b m{l]bhn yfY]r uQs. rbI@v/nhfYr iviv s=>_kÑmhrIfvbIfk bh}lh shiHfy]r p/Ym miHlh Opn]hisk blh Hfz Yhfk. y~hr fmfz srlhfvbI p/c@d fyjis=nI miHlh iCfln. sfy]@v/nhfYr *áI ôhnvhni@vnIr jIbnkYh afnfkre jhnh. 
     ôhnvhni@vnI ahThfrh Syfkr yéyIz Bhfg s=hmIr shfY ibfvfS Zhn wb} aht bCr e}l]hf@d khthbhr smz bh}lh o e}frjIfy fbS ikC[ be flfKn. fvfS iPfro flKhr khfjr sf¤ sf¤ bhxhlI fmfzfvr jIbfn u»iyr jn] smhj-fsbhz p/cÑr smz khitfzfCn. W smz, aY_hQ 1940 shflro ahfg, ThkÑrbhiRr bhefro afnk miHlh upn]hs, kibyh, o *m<iykYh ilfKfCn. mhá kfzkjfnr nhm uflLK kriC. b/¥hn@v fkSbcf@v/r mh shrvhs[@vrIfvbI (1819-1907), rhms[@vrIfvbI (1809-1900), frBhfr@d khlIcr> bf@v]hphV]hfzr fbhn inïhir>IfvbI (1833-1916), kib mhnkÑmhrI bs[ (1863-1943), khimnI rhz (1864-1933), o ablh bs[ (1865-1951). 
     ahThfrh Syfkr ârº fYfk wkfSh bCfrro fbSI bhxhlI-jIbfnr cçRhë anßkhr aV]hz. Zivo 1828 shfl b/h¥smhj p/iyiìy Hz wb} pfrr bCr rhjh rhmfmhHn rhfzr akÇhë fc&thz syIvhH p/Yh aheny bnß krh Hz, a@vrmHfl fmfzfvr abÆhr u»iy Hfy ahfrh wkS' bCfrro fbSI smz flfgiCl. ahjo fkhn fkhn ibAfz p/hcIn BhbVhrhr cln fvKh Zhz. fZmn fmfzrh Vfre fnz, yhfvr pfq injs= myhmy Yhkh s$Bb nz wb} yhfvr pfq smhfjr icëhVhrh pirby_n krh as$Bb. we abmn]yh wKno afnk fmfzr míjhz míjhz bhs kfr, Zye flKhpRh jhnh fmfz fHhk nh fkn. wmn ik p/hcIn chlclfnr bhefr fZ-fmfz Zhbhr fc&th kfr, fs sb_p/Ym smhflhcnh fShfn miHlhfvr khfCe. yKnkhr mV]ibä o uêcmV]ibä smhfjr fmfzrh fkbl ahqirk afY_e a@vrmHflr ahflhHhozh-S{n] jIbn khthiêCl yh nz, yhfvr jIbfn ôhn o iSqhr fkhn ahflh fDhkhr s$Bhbnho iCl nh. 
     bhxhlI miHlhr flKh p/Ym ahy±jIbnI 'ahmhr jIbn'-wr fliKkh rhms[@vrIfvbIr j@m Hz 1809 shfl wb} ibfz Hz bhfrh bCr bzfs. iyin bhfrhit sëhfnr mh. yb[ s}shfrr ajs/ khfjr P~hfk s$p{>_ infjr fc&thz pRfy ilKfy iSfKiCfln. rhjh rhmfmhHn rhfzr smhj s}hr ahf@vhln W smz ârº HfzfC. yKn ES=rc@v/ ibv]hshgr iSâmhá. rhms[@vrIfvbI p/bl Bi|myI miHlh iCfln. bhfpr bhiRr g<Hfvbyh ib¿Ñ ahr S=ârbhiRr fghphl - we v[e fvbyhr ahrhVnh iCl y~hr p/Vhn khj wb} we Bi| fYfke y~hr Hævfz v<ª ibS=hs j@mhz flKhpRh fSKhr. s=hmI pi@dy mhn[A. Cháfvr pRhfyn ahr rhms[@vrIfvbI rh»h krfy krfy s=pN fvKfyn Ziv kKno Fcyn] cr>hm<y pRfy fSfKn. s=hmI ZKn bhiRr bhefr fZfyn, yKn beåilfy ahvr kfr Hhy b[flhfyn aqfrr opr bhrbhr, Ziv fkhn mÖbfl aqr pircz Hfz Zhz Hhfyr fC~hzhz! VIfr VIfr we cçRhë ahkhXqh ahr vmn krfy nh fpfr wk Chfár khfC l[ikfz aqr pircz krfln wb} pRfy iSKfln. y~hr wyivfnr shV Fcyn]-Bhgby pRfy ârº krfln wb} C@v imilfz pfR bR ahn@v fpfyn. 
     rhms[@vrI nnvfvr Bfz khufk bflnin aYc blfy bR efêC Hy y~hr. v['iyn jn sefk fdfk blhz yhrh p/c@d uQshHI Hfz uTl, fZmn iniAvß khfj iSârh ahn@v phz afnkth fserkm. nnvrh ZKn p{jh-ahiµk infz b]ï, yKn rhms[@vrI y~hr sefvr be pfR fShnhfyn. wkjn vrjhz phHhRh ivy. rhms[@vrIr infjr kYhz, 'ahim Zyq> W p[ïkKhin piRyhm, fkH ahiszh fviKfb bilzh, fse pfY wkjn flhk p/HrI rhKh Hey. ahim aiy fCht fCht kirzh p~[iY piRyhm, yYhip ahmhr p/h> Bfz wk wkbhr cm\fk cm\fk uiTy. mfn Bhibyhm, fkH b[iJ âinl.' fZivn rhms[@vrIr nnvrh jhnfy phrl y~hfvr fbù flKhpRh jhfnn, yhrh K[iSe HfziCl wb} yhrho p~[iY pRfy chel. Zivo sbhr inìh fymn iCl nh. rhms[@vrI a%pivfnr mfV]e Cf@v ahy±jIbnI ilKfy ârº kfrn. 
     we smz ikC[ ikC[ pi@dfyr shHhfZ] 1849 shfl p/Ym fmfzfvr Ñl fKhlh Hl viq>hrn m[fKhphV]hfzr bhiRr FbTkKhnhz. sf¤ sf¤ rb uTl nhnh p/iybhv o smhflhcnhr. kib ES=rc@v/ åè ilKfln, 
"Zy C~[iRåflh yÑiR fmfr fkyhb Hhfy infêC Zfb, 
 yKn w-ib iSfK ibib fsfj iblhyI fbhl kfbe kfb." 
khgfj khgfj s$phvkIz fbfrhfy ârº Hl; fZmn 'smhchr ci@v/kh'z fbfrhl, "bhilkhg>fk ibv]hlfz phThefl b]iBchr s}Gtfnr ahSXkh ahfC, fknnh bhilkhg> khmhyÑr p[rºfAr v<i&tpfY piRfl asQ p[rºfArh yhHhivgfk blQkhr kirfb, a%pbz bilzh ChiRzh ivfb nh, khr> Khv]-Khvk s$pk_." 
     yKn e}l]hf@dr rh>I iBk\fthirzhr rhjyü, aY_hQ 1850 shflr khChkhiC. bhxhlI mV]ibä p[rºA-smhfj wkth Bz iCl, fmfz-rhjfyü Hzy sb fmfzmhn[Ae s}shr Shsn krfy ârº krfb. we BhbVhrhth abS] p/hcIn mn[r bcfnr shfY Hhy imilfzfC, khr> mn[r bcfn pir&khr flKh iCl, fmfzrh iSqhlhB krfl pirbhfrr wb} smhfjr sb_nhS! aYc we kYho s=Ikhr nh kfr uphz fne, fZ-smï miHlhrh flKhpRh iSfKiCfln, y~hfvr s=hmIrh W p[rºA-smhfjr b]iy÷m iCfln. FklhsbhisnIfvbI s=hmIr khfC flKhpRh iSfK iynit be ilfKiCfln. wkit be-wr nhm 'iH@v[ iPfmls\' bh 'iH@v[ miHlhgf>r HInhbÆh' wb} ahfrkit 'iH@v[ ablhkÑflr ibv]hB]hs o yhHhr sm[»iy'. p/Ym beitr Bçimkhz y~hr s=hmI jhnhn, FklhsbhisnI g<Hkm_ o p[ákn]hfvr lhln-phln infje kfrn. afnkth fZn jbhbiviHr my. 
     FklhsbhisnIr flKh wb} ui| fYfk ahmrh jhnfy phir, yKnkhr smhfj nhrIiSqhr ibpfq nhnh khr> fvKhn Hy. fZmn ibv]hB]hs krfl miHlhrh aicfre ibVbh Hz, yhfvr icächöl] Gft, ey]hiv. FklhsbhisnI wVrf>r BhbVhrhr p/bl p/iybhv kfrn. abS] y~hr smY_k iCfln y~hr s=hmI ahghfghRh. y~hr s=hmI v[g_hcr> åè *áIiSqhr jn] p/c@d uQshHI iCfln. FklhsbhisnI infje ilfKfCn, iyin ibv]hibfrhiVnI iCfln wb} s=hmIr Zfyú o ahg/fH pRhânh krfy ahg/HI Hn. ibVbh Hbhr pfro afnk miHlh pRhânh chilfz fgfCn. Vfr fnozh fZfy phfr, W smzkhr miHlhrh s}hrm[| Hfy fpfriCfln wb} ik}bvëIfy ibS=hs kfrnin. 
     we p/sf¤ ThkÑrbhiRr fmfzfvr iSqhr kYh blh cfl. wmn ik s=>_kÑmhrIro ahfg ThkÑrbhiRr fmfzrh ilKfy o pRfy iSKy Fb¿bIr khfC. klhphyhz ilfK ilfK iciT flKhr aB]hs kry. s=>_kÑmhrI abS] Fb¿bIr khfC flKhpRh fSfKn in. mHiA_ fvfb@v/nhY fmfzfvr Ñfl phThbhr ibpfq iCfln yKnkhr b~hVhVrh pvßiyr jn]. iyin p~[iYgy iSqhr fymn pqphyI iCfln nh. wk p[rºA-pi@dyfk aë:p[frr fmfzfvr flKhpRhr vhizyü ivfziCfln, Zivo yKn b/h¥-smhfj imSnhrI ibfvSI miHlhr khfC e}frjI iSqhr frozhj ahr$B HfziCl. mHiA_ infjo fmfzfvr ibôhn o fj]hiyA Shf*ár iSqh ivfyn. fmfzfvr bhbhr khC fYfk âfn sHjBhAhz ahbhr fs ibAfz ilfK fvKhfy Hy. yhe flKhr frozhj K[b km bzfse ârº HfziCl. 
     we fgl wkth ivk - fmfzfvr flKhpRhr pfqr o ibpfqr g%p. wth lq] krhr my - bhxhlI fmfzfvr mfV] Zhrh flKhpRh iSKfy fcfzfC, yhrh bhbh aYbh s=hmIr khfC shHhZ] o sHhn[Bçiy fpfzfC. fkhn fkhn fqfá pirbhfrr uQshfHe wth s$Bb HfzfC fZmn FklhsbhisnIfvbIr jIbfn. pi^cfmr shfY yÑlnh krfl we b]hphfr wkth bR yPhQ fvKh Zhz. W smzkhr kÑlIn pirbhfrr fmfzfvr abÆh iCl K[be fShcnIz. wfvr v[v_Shr kYh ahj Bhbh kiTn. ibK]hy khlIcr> frBhfrf@dr fbhn inïhir>IfvbI kÑlIfnr b}fS jf@m shrhjIbn v[:K fpfzfCn. y~hr pirbhfrr p[rºfArh ZfY&t uêciSiqy Hozh sfyüo iyin infj flKhpRh iSKfy phfrnin. aëfrr kYh blhr yhigfv inïhir>IfvbI m[fKm[fK y~hr jIbfnr v[:fKr kYh bfl fgfCn Zh y~hr fChtBhefzr nhiy m@mYVn bf@v]hphV]hz ilfK 'BhrybA_' piákhz "fskhflr kYh" nhfm p/khS kfrn. y~hr jIbnI fYfk jhnfy phir, kÑlIn pirbhfrr fmfzfvr ibfz Hy chr fYfk vS bCr bzfsr fByr ibbhH-b]bshzI kÑlIn b<fvßr shfY. kÑlIn p[rºfAr ibfzth iCl thkh-frhjghrI b]bsh. wkhiVk S=ârbhiR G[fr G[fr thkh ahvhz kry pirbhfrr Br>fphAf>r jn]. kÑlIfnr fmfzrh aiVkh}S smz S=ârbhiR fZye nh wb} s=hmIr shfY Hzy wkbhr bh v[bhr fvKh Hy shrh jIbfn. bhbh o Bhefvr képhz shrh jIbn khthfy igfz miHlhrh fZ ky lh§nh-gnh sH] kry yh ahj ahmrh k%pnho krfy phir nh. 
     fku fku we piriÆiy fYfk fbirfz b/h¥smhfj T~he fpy. fku fku bhV] Hfz klkhyhr wk kÑK]hy gilfy fvH ib÷Ir b]bshz nhmy. yb[ yhfy wk Vrf>r s=hVInyh iCl, Zh bhfpr bhiRr inìÑr vhsIb<iär yÑlnhz iCl fbSI ahkA_>Iz. wk pöhS bCr bzfsr miHlhr fbnhmI iciT fYfk jhnh Zhz, kIBhfb yhr mhmhrh yhr mhfzr aôhfy wk b<fvßr shfY ibfz ivfziCl wb} s=hmIr shfY yhr kKno pircz Hzin. bhiR fYfk philfz igfz wk iniAvß b]bshfz fZhg ivfy bhV] Hz fs. 1853 shflr srkhrI vèr an[ZhzI klkhyhz iH@v[ piyyhr s}K]h iCl vS Hhjhr, wb} yhfvr aiVkh}Se kÑlIn b/h¥f>r *áI. wesb khrf>e Hzy kÑlIn Gfrr s[@vrI fmfzfvr ibA Khefz fmfr fPlh Hy, fZmn iCl n[n Khefz nbjhy iSâkn]hfk fmfr fPlhr frozhj ibHhr o rhjÆhfn. 
     p[rºAfvr Hhfy âV[ fZ fmfzfvr inZ_hyne Hy yh nz. inïhir>IfvbIr flKhz kÑlIn p[rºAfvr jIbfnr v[:fKr Cibo Vrh pfRfC. ah^cZ_ lhfg, p[rºfAr Hhfy inZ_hiyyh Hfzo iyin v<i&tB¤Ir inrfpqyh Hhrhn in. kÑlIn p[rºfArho fZ fs smhfjr inìÑryhr iSkhr iCl, iyin yhr ibbr>o frfK fgfCn. afnk p[rºA smhfjr Shsn fmfn 'wkGfr' Hfz Zhozhr Bfz ibfzr pr ibfz kry, wb} afnk fqfá fkhn *áIr shfYe piricy Hozhr s[fZhg fpy nh. p/iybhv krhr qmyho yhfvr iCl nh. 
     inïhir>IfvbIr jIbnkYhr p/hz wkS' bCr pfr ib}S Syh+vIr ârºfy rbI@v/nhY wb} SrQcf@v/r upn]hfs yKnkhr kÑlIn b/h¥> smhfjr Hhfy fmfzp[rºfAr abmhnnhr kYh ahmrh jhnfy phir. miHlh shiHiy]krho ahV[ink khl pZ_ë w ibAfz ilfK ZhfêCn. an[ræphfvbI, ahShp{>_hfvbI, p/iyBh bs[ wb} ahfrh afnfkr flKhz smhj-Shsfnr Hhfy fmfzfvr wb} fkhn fkhn fqfá p[rºAfvr ahy±bilr khiHnI nhnhBhfb nhnhræfp iciáy HfzfC. 
ups}Hhr
     w p/bfnßr ârºfy bfliClhm, wkS' bCr ipiCfz bhxhlI nhrIr jIbn fvKfy Zhozhr fpCfn ahmhr an]ym ufñvS], p/Ymy:, ahmrh W smzkhr s}hr o BhbVhrh fYfk kyth bvfliC yhe fvKh, wb} iv=yIzy:, we yY] aiBbhsI bhxhlI miHlhr jIbfn kyth p/fZhj] yhr ahflhcnh. 
     we ups}Hhfrr ârºfye wkth kYh blh vrkhr. shiHfy]r mhV]fm ahmrh fZ Cib phe yh Hzy p[frh-smhfjr p/iyib$b nz. ahmhr p[frh ahflhcnhthe mV]ibä wb} uêcmV]ibä o iSiqy (aëy:pfq aqr-piricy) miHlhfvr infz. wfvfS ahmrh sbhe fmhthm[it we fghìIr fByr piR. u| ahflhcnh fYfk kfzkit FbiS&t lq] krh Zhz. p/Ymy:, W smzkhr miHlhfvr flKh Hzy shiHfy]r pZ_hz nho pRfy phfr. ikëÑ flKhz o ahy±jIbnIfy y~hfvr aëfrr an[Bçiyr p/khS fpfzfC. s[yrh} we afY_ w yY] ahfrh m{l]bhn. iv=yIzy:, flKhpRh fSKhr bhsnh o ahg/H fZmn fkhn fkhn miHlhr fByfr j@mgy, fymin afnfkr fqfá pirbhfrr p[rºAfvr fc&th wb} uQshfHr Pfle yh s$Bb HfziCl. 
     yéyIzy:, w~fvr fByr afnfke ilKfy-pRfy iSfKe ahy±p/khfSr jn] b]ï Hfz pfRn. we s<i&tr fp/r>h wk ashVhr> Gtnh. ahj ahmrh afnfke iSiqy wb} uêciSiqy. aYc w Vrf>r ahy±p/khfSr fp/r>h fZn afnkth kfm fgfC. 
     wKn yéyIz FbiSf&tr wktÑ gBIfr Zhozh Zhk. wr shfY ahmhfvr by_mhn aiBbhsI jIbfnr Ginì s$pk_ rfzfC bfl ahmhr ibS=hs. 
     unib}S Syh+vIr bhxhlI fmfzfvr yÑlnhz ahj ahmhfvr jIbfnr pirby_n, aëy: bhefrr ivk fYfk, ashVhr>. gy fvRS' bCfr fmfzfvr jIbfnr u»iy p<iYbIr sb_á kmfbSI fchfK pRhr my. bhxhlI fmfzr jIbfn pv_h ufT fgfC, Gr o bhefrr b]bVhn p/hz aëiH_y. p/hz sb fqfáe fmfzrh p[rºAfvr phfS v~hRhfy sqm o smhfjr p/iybnßk wsb fqfá p/hz ibl[è. yb[ fkn ahmhfvr aShië wb} s=bhVInyh s}g/hm? ahim virv/ inZ_hiyy fmfzfvr kYh bliC nh. 
     ahmhr ibS=hs, fZfHyÑ bhefrr p/iybnßk wKn afnk iSiYl, fsfHyÑ aëfrr p/iybnßk lq] krh s$Bb. we p/sf¤ s}hr infz ahflhcnh vrkhr. ahmhfvr ipyhmHI, p/ipyhmHIrh y~hfvr aëfrr fqhB jhnhbhr jn] aqr pircz krfy p/h>p> fc&th kfrfCn. smhfjr ibrºfvß v~hRhbhr qmyh nh Yhkflo a@vrmHfl kI GtfC yh bhefrr jgfyr khfC yÑfl Vrhr fc&th kfrfCn. ahmhfvr s}g/hm bhefrr jgfyr ibrºfvß srhsir fne ahr. yb[ fZ s=hVInyh-s}g/hm ahj p<iYbIr skl fmfzfvr fByr fvKh Zhz, yh Hzy aëfrr m[i|r s}g/hm. bhxhlI fmfzrh Hzy bH[ bCfrr wb} bH[ p/jf@mr s}hr fYfk m[i|r fc&th krfC. we s}g/hm âV[ p[rºA-Shisy smhfjr ibpfqe nz. 
     kI we s}hr Zh ahmhfvr fkbl ahy±fcynhe nz, ahy±p/khfSro aërhz? wr uär srhsir fvozh kiTn, yfb ikC[th Vhr>h ahfC. ahfmirkhbhsI p/Ym p/jf@mr bhxhlI miHlh-p[rºfAr wkth bR sms]h Hl, kIBhfb bhxhlIyü bjhz frfK ibfvSI smhj o jIbnVhrhr shfY Khp Khozhfnh Zhz. aY_hQ kyv{r infjfvr FbiS&t nh Hhirfz ibfvfS wkth aY_p{>_ jIbn FyrI krh Zhz. we FbiS&t fZ p[frhp[ir sfcyn-s}ôh yh nz. wr afnkthe Bhlm@v fmShfnh wkth ahy±pircz. we Bhlmf@vr imS/> uärhiVkhr s[fá phozh s}hfrr Pl. ahmrh vrkhrmy Bhlth ftfn infz ibfvSI b@V[fvr aYbh iv=yIz p/jf@mr fCflfmfzfk nijr ivfz Yhik. m@vth abfcyfn Yhfk. s[fZhgmy fbirfz ahfs nhnh b]bHhfr iyZ_kBhfb. s}hfrr we m@v ivkth fbS rq>SIl o p/hcInp¢I. sHfj bvlhfy chz nh. yhChRh ibfvSI m{l]fbhfVr o b]bHhfrr Bhl ivkth g/H> krfy bhVh fvz. nhrI-p[rºA v[e-e we ipC[thfnr BÑ|fBhgI. 
     unib}S Syh+vIr wkth ibfSA s}hr bhxhlI smhjfk ahf&tp<fì jiRfz frfKiCl Zh wKn b]i|gy s}hfr v~hiRfzfC; fsth Hl - "flhfk kI blfb?" we flhkBIiy ahmhfvr wb} an] p/hcInp¢I afnk smhfj p/cÑr ay]hchr o s}rq>yhr aj[Hhy j[igfzfC. ikëÑ ahj ik ahmrh p[frhp[ir m[|? ibfvfS fZfHyÑ ahmhfvr smhj v<ªbvß nz, ahmrh Hz anßBhfb ibfvSI B¤I nkl kir, nzy p[rhyn s}hfrr opr bfs afn]r b]bHhfrr ibchr kir. we flhkBIiy fYfke kÑlIfnr fmfzrh afnk inZ_hyn sH] kfrfC. Zhrh pirbhfrr vhsfyür bhefr philfziCl, yhrho wke flhkBIiy-nIiyr ibchfr 'piyyh' iHshfb smhfjr khfC piricy Hy. ahj ahfmirkhz bhs kfro afnk miHlh wke Bfzr an[Shsn o nhnhrkm aibchfrr iSkhr, wb} shHsI ahy±p/khfS aqm o asmY_..   
 
 
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