- Nina Basu -
Jawaharlal Nehru was born
in Allahabad, India on November 14, 1889. He went to college in England,
soon to become his enemy country. He eventually graduated from Cambridge
He was part of a very famous
family. His father was Motilal Nehru, a man who was instrumental in his
fight with Mahatma Gandhi in civil obedience movements. Mr. Jewaharlal
Nehru himself was very important in Gandhiís civil obedience movements
as well. His daughter became prime minister of India in the 1970s. Look
at it this way. If you arenít impressed by her being a female prime minister,
donít laugh just yet. India has only had its independence for 51 years.
They already have had a women in charge of their country. We have had independence
for more than 220 years and we still havenít had a women at the Presidentís
throne. Nehru's sister was also one of the most important women in Indiaís
history. She was called Madame Pandit. His mother was also from one of
the most wealthy families in India.
Nehruís parents passed away during the peak of the struggle for independence.
His daughter went on to be prime minister, a job which was very demanding.
It must have been hard for her two children who stayed with their grandfather
while their mother was away.
Nehru was one of the leaders
in the fight for independence. Between the years of 1919-1947, Nehru fought
and begged and pleaded for what India deserved. If you relate it to our
fight for independence, you could call Nehru and Gandhi true Ďrebels.í
Let me tell you more about
his life. He was born on November 14, 1889 as I first mentioned. He studied
and graduated from Harrows and Cambridge University. Following his bouts
with the government, he served as the general secretary of the All India
Congress Committee. This was in 1929. That very year, he was elected into
the Indian National Congress. Not only was he elected into it, he was named
the president of the Congress. He held this post four times. Once in 1929,
1936, 1937, and 1946.
As the rebels were highly
punished, so was Nehru. He was periodically thrown into jail for his nationalistic
activities. In other words, he was arrested for his participation in Indian
rebellion. He was a master of the English language, and his writings were
As I have mentioned so many
times before, he was a major reason we got our independence at midnight
of August 15, 1947. Finally, with a tough struggle, India got its independence.
Now they had to form a new government. They chose to have a prime minister
and Jewaharlal Nehru was named as the first prime minister of the independent
India. What an honor, donít you think?
After being named prime minister,
Nehru dominated all the Indian situations. He strived for a more democratic
country and a better way of living for the residents. He worked for a state
controlled economy, that would operate in a democratic society. He wanted
India to be a peopleís environment. He also directed 2 five year plans
to improve the monetary situation.
He really became well known
with the rest of the world when he created a policy of opposing alliances
and promoting equality. He urged countries to stop and ban hydrogen bomb
tests. He advocated non-violence. He was definitely the opposite of racist
when it came right down to the definition. He strongly criticized discrimination
based on skin color, or anything else. He was a spokesman for equality
in Africa and Asia.
When I stated before about
Jewaharlalís daughter, I realized that I forgot to mention her name. You
probably have heard of her. Her name was Indira Gandhi. I still canít believe
how much further India is in that respect. They have already had a female
prime minister. You canít even say that weíre close to having one. That
may be a reason that Indira Gandhiís name pops up when people talk about
India. She must be a huge role model in India. If I lived there I know
I would have adored her. Unfortunately for all of us, she passed away in
1984, the year I was born. She led a full life though. Jewaharlal Nehru
died on May 27,1964.
You can say that he led a
full life. No one will disagree with that. He did a lot for his country
and his countrymen were proud to say they knew him. And so in conclusion,
I say, "Have a nice day to all, and to all a good night!"